In Russia's Arctic north, a new kind of gold rush is under way.
With the sale of elephant tusks under close scrutiny, "ethical ivory" from the extinct woolly mammoth is now feeding an insatiable market in China. This rush on mammoth ivory is luring a fresh breed of miner – the tusker – into the Russian wilderness and creating dollar millionaires in some of the poorest villages of Siberia.
On condition that he not reveal names or exact locations, RFE/RL photographer Amos Chapple gained exclusive access to one site where between bouts of vodka-fueled chaos and days spent evading police patrols, teams of men are using illegal new methods in the hunt for what remains of Siberia's lost giants.
THE MAMMOTH STEPPE
The ground in the area is now permafrost year-round, perfectly preserving mammoth skeletons.
A DESTRUCTIVE PROCESS
The resulting slurry, of water and earth, flows back into the river. Silt levels rise dramatically.